Para-cycling includes athletes who have a visual impairment, have cerebral palsy, amputations and other physical impairments. Cyclists with a visual impairment ride in tandem with a sighted guide, known as a pilot. There are also events on tricycles or hand cycles based on the disability. As is the case at the Olympics, competition is held on a track (velodrome) and on the road.
The competition program includes sprints, individual pursuits, the 1,000-metre time trial, road races and road time trials for both individuals and teams.